Good Practice for conducting a Political Economy Analysis

Following Political Economy Analysis testing in several countries, Jean Bossuyt of the European Centre for Development Policy Management offers his insights on good practice as a member of the Political Economy Analysis team in Senegal.

Jean Bossuyt of the European Centre for Development Policy Management is part of the Political Economy Analysis Team in Senegal, and is currently assessing how the methodology is being applied in that context.

Speaking recently to in Brussels, he considers the first important step to be “the buy-in”: to ensure that the process has full support of the Head of Delegation and that the whole delegation is involved. “This is the moment to work together and, as per the Agenda for Change, please also involve the Member States. Political Economy Analysis is not an academic study; its purpose is to better understand where the reform processes come from, where the dynamics come from, who are the ‘blocking’ actors etc.,” he said.

“Everything that comes out of Political Economy Analysis is dynamite, so you have to be sure that you can use it properly and politically. If you don’t have this from the start it is not a useful exercise.”

A PEA combines both political and economic analysis in order to help define how the economy fuels power and how political power is dependent on economic actors. ‘You will need a multi disciplinary team to undertake the process, with a mix of international and local expertise. That, at least, is the emerging good practice,” said Mr Bossuyt. Source: