New on entries
Weitzenegger’s Publication Review
Agricultural Diversification for the Poor – Guidelines for Practitioners. http://tinyurl.com/2vs2wx8
This World Bank study treats diversification as a differentiated form of agricultural
development and recognizes its role to spur sustainable growth in the rural sector.
The principle purpose of this study is to outline practical ways for implementing
diversification activities. Throughout the paper, emphasis is particularly on how the diversification process can be made pro-poor with minimum risk involved. Paper concludes with a list of key investment areas to assist diversification.
Assets, Shocks, and Poverty Traps in Rural Mozambique
Using a micro-level approach to poverty traps, this paper explores welfare dynamics
among households in post-war rural Mozambique. The analysis by Lena Giesbert and Kati
Schindler shows that shocks and household coping behavior help to explain the observed poverty dynamics.
Beyond Development Aid
Publication of the Europe-Africa Policy Research Network (EARN) that intends to address the EU-Africa political dialogue on global issues of common concern.
Brazil: An Emerging Aid Player
This ODI Briefing Paper reviews the institutional set up of Brazil’s aid programme and the implications of its rise in the aid scene.
Challenges in Impact Evaluation of Development Interventions: Opportunities and Limitations for Randomized Experiments
http://www.ua.ac.be/download.aspx?c=.IOB&n=83953&ct=77447&e=249703 Institute of Development Policy and Management (IOB study by Jos Vaessen
Combating Poverty and Inequality: Structural Change, Social Policy and Politics http://tinyurl.com/25rkvpw
This UNRISD Flagship Report argues that this is because many current approaches to reducing poverty and inequality fail to consider key institutional, policy and
political dimensions that may be both causes of poverty and inequality, and obstacles
to their reduction. Moreover, when a substantial proportion of a country’s population
is poor, it makes little sense to detach poverty from the dynamics of development. For
countries that have been successful in increasing the well-being of the majority of
their populations over relatively short periods of time, the report shows, progress has occurred principally through state-directed strategies that combine economic
development objectives with active social policies and forms of politics that elevate the interests of the poor in public policy.
Evaluating Transportation Economic Development Impacts
Understanding How Transport Policy and Planning Decisions Affect Employment, Incomes, Productivity, Competitiveness, Property Values and Tax Revenues. By Todd Litman, Victoria Transport Policy Institute
Evaluation Study on ADB Assistance for Public-Private Partnerships in Infrastructure Development
http://www.adb.org/Documents/SES/REG/SES-OTH-2009-31/default.asp Public-private partnerships have been gaining recognition in many of the Asian Development Bank’s (ADB) developing member countries as an important means of
mobilizing private sector capital and expertise for infrastructure investments and
service provision. This study evaluates the performance of ADB’s public and private
sector operations in support of public-private partnerships in the power, transport, and water sectors; and the development of related policy, legal, regulatory, and institutional frameworks.
Global Employment Trends for Youth
http://www.ilo.org/empelm/what/pubs/lang–en/docName–WCMS_143349/index.htm International Labour Organization (ILO), Report 2010
Global Report on Migration
This report captures the main results from Development on the Move: Measuring and
Optimising Migration’s Economic and Social Impacts, a joint project of the Global
Development Network (GDN) and the Institute for Public Policy Research (ippr). The
ground-breaking global research project, supported by a consortium of international donors, has gathered new, comparative qualitative and quantitative data about migration’s development impacts.
IFAD Rural Poverty Report 2011: Global food production must increase by 70 per cent http://tinyurl.com/33hct5m
The Rural Poverty Report 2011, released on 6 December 2010 by the International Fund
for Agricultural Development (IFAD), predicts that global food production will have to
increase by 70 percent in order to feed the expected world population of 9 billion by
2050. Boosting the agricultural sector in developing countries is therefore the key to combating world poverty in the coming decades, it stresses. Source: EuroStep.
Is a Financial Transaction Tax a Good Idea? A Review of the Evidence http://tinyurl.com/2dootvw
The Institute of Development Studies has undertaken a comprehensive review of the feasibility of financial transaction taxes (FTTs). We find that, worldwide, a
financial transaction tax on foreign exchange transactions could raise Us$26 billion.
In the UK alone it could raise US$11 billion (£7.7 billion), roughly the same as the
entire UK aid budget. Such a tax would be most effective if implemented by the key financial centres around the world, but a currency transaction tax could be
implemented by individual countries. However, an FTT is unlikely to reduce market volatility as claimed by some campaigners.
Multilateral Resource Allocation: Best Practice Approaches
ODI Project Briefings 51 by Tony Faint and Deborah Johnson.
OECD Studies on SMEs and Entrepreneurship
High-Growth Enterprises: What Governments Can Do to Make a Difference http://tinyurl.com/37sskrm
This report presents reports from 15 countries that provide interesting insights into
the operations of and challenges faced by high-growth enterprises as well as a policy survey of 340 programmes in 24 countries.
Remittances, Value Added Tax and Tax Revenue in Developing Countries http://www.cerdi.org/production/show/id/1208
Centre d’Etudes et de Recherches sur le Developpement International (CERDI) paper by CE Eberke.
Report denounces humanitarian aid politicisation, lauds EU
A report by the Good Humanitarian Donorship (GHD) initiative, an informal donor
network, ranks humanitarian aid donors according to their aid effectiveness, as rated by 475 senior representatives of aid organisations. The report finds that while bilateral aid from EU member states is becoming increasingly driven by politics,
multilateral EU aid distributed by the European Commission was ranked 6th place out of 37. The only EU member states judged to deliver more effective aid were Denmark, Ireland and Sweden. Source: EurActiv
Stemming girls’ chronic poverty
A new report from the Chronic Poverty Research Centre investigates how to catalyse
development change by including girls (and boys) more prominently in development agendas.
Sustainable management in emerging countries
An analysis of German companies’ activities in India.
The Concept of Corporate Social Responsibility: a Philosophical Approach http://repub.eur.nl/resource/pub_21243/index.html
International Institute of Social Studies of Erasmus University (ISS) Research Paper 508 by Adele Lebano.
The Failure of Cross-border Financial Firms: New Thinking in the Aftermath of the Financial Crisis
The development of rules for handling insolvencies of financial and non-financial firms with operations in a number of countries (cross-border insolvencies) is a
long-standing item on the international regulatory agenda. In this context, the author Andrew Cornford analyses the measures proposed in various reports to address the problems associated with systemically important financial institutions.
The Financial Crisis and Lower Income Countries
Danish Institute for International Studies Working Paper 2010:35 by Sam Jones.
The future of EC trade policy 2010-2015
In its discussion paper “Trade, Growth and World Affairs”, the Commission analyses how
trade is an engine for economic growth and job creation. It proposes a strategy to
reduce trade barriers, to open global markets and to get a fair deal for European
businesses. The overarching aim is to take a more assertive approach to ensure the benefits of trade reach European citizens.
The G20 as a Development Opportunity for the European Union
EDC2020 Policy Brief by Madeline R. Young, FRIDE, Opinion No. 6 – November 2010.
The Impact of the Crisis on Employment and the Role of Labour Market Institutions http://www.ilo.org/public/english/bureau/inst/download/dp202_2010.pdf International Labour Organization (ILO) Publication byWerner Eichhorst et al.
Trends and issues in international development cooperation
Emerging economies and private donors provide an increasing proportion of aid.
Progress has been made in implementing the 2005 Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness
in a few fields, such as untying aid, but the results do not meet expectations. The approach, too often purely technical, omits taking fully into consideration the
political dimension which strongly affects aid effectiveness. The issue of overall
policy coherence receives renewed attention at a time when the debate about climate
change is leading development agencies to reconsider goals and strategies. Graduate
Institute of International and Development Studies (IHEID) study by Gérard Perroulaz.
Filed under: Development, donors, EU, growth, report